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Work Package 3: Supply chain relations and regulations


General information

Supply Chain Relationship

WP3 will focus on the main material flow in the supply chain (input-output structure) for the five chosen species based on publicly available data, including European catch/production as well as import and export to and from the EU. Results will form the sample frame/design for the subsequent micro level mapping of different product categories of the chosen species for key market segments (local, niche and commodity (European/international). The mapping will cover catch or hatching/harvesting through the various stages of processing, distribution, retail and food-service marketing channels. Focus will be on evaluating impacts of mandatory and market-based regulatory regimes along with governance and power-relations within the supply chain on risks, costs and rewards to participants. Using key informant interviews and systematic survey methods, primary data - qualitative and quantitative - will be collected from producers’ organisations, sales organisations and individual production companies. Using revealed and stated preference methods, non-market value associated with aquaculture and captive fisheries will be assessed and used for improved societal decision making. Special attention will be paid to the effects of different management systems.


D3.1 - Report on description of value chains and input-output structure

This report describes the main material flow in the supply chain (input-output structure) for the six commodity species (or species groups) that are the focus of PrimeFish; four farmed and two capture: (i) Atlantic Salmon, (ii) Rainbow Trout, (iii) European Sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) (iv) Pangasius catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) (v) Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua) (vi) Atlantic Herring (Clupea herrengus). The latter two species are selected as examples of demersal and pelagic fisheries. Sea bass and sea bass are treated as a single group as almost perfect substitutes, sharing very similar production and post-harvest value-chain characteristics. The report is a synthesis of 17 individual value-chain reports. The report is based on publicly available data, and for each species covers (a) farmed production or landings (b) imports (c) processing (d) export (e) consumption.

D3.2 - Report on market institutional analysis and implications for competitiveness.

This report describes the main legal framework for the value chains of the six commodity species (or species groups) that are the focus of PrimeFish; four farmed and two capture.

The report focus on the legal aspects influencing the competitiveness at the EU seafood market for EU as well as non-EU based seafood companies. It does not intend to cover the field of regulations which at one hand is a way to establish a common market of fairness and transparency for all market actors, but at the other hand can limit the competitiveness of the individual company.  As such the report includes the main regulative framework, and selected national regulations, which might influence company competitiveness at the European market.

D3.3 - Report on costs & benefits of compliance with voluntary marketbased labelling & certification schemes.

Certified food sustainability standards are voluntary, usually third party-verified norms relating to environmental, social, ethical and food safety issues; developed to varying degree in consultation with a range of primary and secondary stakeholders and experts in these fields. They are adopted by companies either as a complement or alternative to their own internal and supply chain quality assurance systems in order to demonstrate acceptable performance of their organizations or products in these areas.

As such they are can also be viewed as a market-based approach to governing negative externalities of business practices. By addressing societally perceived deficits in areas of statutory governance, they offer companies an ‘outsourced’ means of defending their reputations and brands against civil-society (e.g. NGOs, media, celebrity chefs etc.) campaigns linked to such deficits. Consistent with this brand management rationale; standards may simply operate at a business to business (B2B) and/ or business to consumer (B2C) levels i.e. with or without a consumer-facing label.

D3.4 - Report on evaluation of industry dynamics, opportunities and threats to industry.

In this report, evaluation of industry dynamics, opportunities and threats to industry, we are focusing on value chain dynamic for certain industries and species. The framework used is a bit different for caught species (cod and herring) and farmed species (salmonoids, sea bream & bass and pangasius). The industry dynamics is more value chain focused for the caught species, while individual companies are also the focus for the farmed species.

D3.5 - Report on population assessment and valuation of nonmarket effects of aquaculture and capture fisheries activities.

There is no doubt that the European production of fish generates huge economic values and provide important proteins to the world population. Still, it is not unreasonable to ask whether this industry, or the various industries involved in production of fish, also have environmental footprints, which are not accounted for? 

When the production of economic goods and services has environmental effects, which are not accounted for, this is called externalities. The term reflects the fact that the production causes costs to society which are not internalized, i.e. the producers do not take any actions to neutralize the effects.

The intention was to use two case study fish industries to exemplify the role and extent of externalities in European fish production; farmed Atlantic salmon and wild cod. By the use of a methodology called choice experiment, we analyse to what extent case study producers are willing to internalise a few widely recognized externalities. The results of this analysis should be seen in relation to results from WP4.4, which is a choice experiment among European fish consumers.

D3.6 - Manuscript to a peer reviewed journal seafood industry dynamics and competitiveness.

A manuscript will be delivered to a peer-reviewed journal on seafood industry dynamics and competitiveness as part of the results from task 3.4

D3.7 - Manuscript to a peer reviewed journal on non-market values in fisheries and aquaculture.

A manuscript will be delivered to a peer-reviewed journal on non-market values in fisheries and aquaculture based on the results from task 3.5

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